There was great condemnation of this style by the mass media as well as educationists, who expressed that this showed diminishing literacy or linguistic abilities. 22 On the other hand, descriptivists have counter-argued that the Internet allows better expressions of a language. 20 Rather than established linguistic conventions, linguistic choices sometimes reflect personal taste. 23 It has also been suggested that as opposed to intentionally flouting language conventions, Internet slang is a result of a lack of motivation to monitor speech online. 24 Hale and Scalon describe language in Emails as being derived from "writing the way people talk and that there is no need to insist on 'Standard' English. 12 English essay users, in particular, have an extensive tradition of etiquette guides, instead of traditional prescriptive treatises, that offer pointers on linguistic appropriateness. 23 Using and spreading Internet slang also adds onto the cultural currency of a language.
Historically, the act of flaming has been described as an intrinsic quality of emails due to an absence of visual and auditory cues in resume computer-mediated communication (CMC). 18 Padonkaffsky jargon Olbanian language is a russian cant language developed by padonki of Runet. The language entered mainstream culture and it has been suggested that Olbanian should be taught in schools. 19 views on Internet slang There have been ongoing debates about how the use of slang on the Internet influences language usage outside of technology. Even though the direct causal relationship between the Internet and language has yet to be proven by any scientific research, 20 Internet slang has invited split views on its influence on the standard of language use in non-computer-mediated communications. Prescriptivists tend to have the widespread belief that the Internet has a negative influence on the future of language, and that it would lead to a degradation of standard. 9 Some would even attribute any declination of standard formal English to the increase in usage of electronic communication. 20 It has also been suggested that the linguistic differences between Standard English and cmc can have implications for literacy education. 21 This is illustrated by the widely reported example of a school essay submitted by a scottish teenager, which contained many abbreviations and acronyms likened to sms language.
As such, questions such as "A/S/L?" which stands for "age, sex, location?" are commonly posed. 15 leet leetspeak, or 1337, 16 is an alternative alphabet for the English language which uses various combinations of ascii characters to replace latinate letters. For example, wikipedia may be expressed as 1 1p3)14". It originated from computer hacking, but its use has been extended to online gaming as well. Flaming Flaming refers to the use of rude or profane language in interactions between Internet users. 17 It can be caused by any subject of polarizing nature. For example, there is an ongoing debate between users of Windows and Mac os as to which is "superior".
Definition and Examples of, slang in English
Bold, underline and italics are also used to indicate stress. Onomatopoeic and/or stylized spellings Onomatopoeic spellings have also become popularized on the Internet. One well-known example is "hahaha" to indicate laughter. Onomatopoeic spellings are very language specific. For instance, in Spanish, laughter will be spelt as "jajaja" instead. In Korean, it is "kekeke" keyboard-generated emoticons and smileys Emoticons are generally found in web forums, instant messengers and online essay games. They are culture-specific and certain emoticons are only found in some languages but not in others.
For example, the japanese equivalent of emoticons, kaomoji (literally "face marks focus on the eyes instead of the mouth as in Western emoticons. They are also meant to be read right-side up, as in _ as opposed to sideways, . More recently than face emoticons, other emoticon symbols such as 3 (which is a sideways heart) have emerged. Compared to emoticons used in Western cultures such as the United States, kaomoji play a very distinct social essay role in online discourse. 14 Direct requests These are found in chat engines such as Internet Relay chat or online games, where personal identities may be concealed.
13 Although it is difficult to produce a clear definition of Internet slang, the following types of slang may be observed. This list is not exhaustive. Class Description Letter homophones Included within this group are abbreviations and acronyms. An abbreviation is a shortening of a word, for example "CU" or "CYA" for "see you (see. An acronym, on the other hand, is a subset of abbreviations and are formed from the initial components of a word. Examples of common acronyms include "LOL" for "laugh out loud" and "BTW" for "by the way".
There are also combinations of both, like "CUL8R" for "see you later". Punctuation, capitalizations and other symbols Such features are commonly used for emphasis or stress. Periods or exclamation marks may be used repeatedly for emphasis, such as "." or "!". Question marks and exclamation marks are often used together in strings such as "?!?!?!?!" when one is angry while asking a question. Grammatical punctuation rules are also relaxed on the Internet. "E-mail" may simply be expressed as "email and apostrophes can be dropped so that "John's book" becomes "johns book". Examples of capitalizations include "stop it which can convey a stronger emotion of annoyance as opposed to "stop it".
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Thus, productive linguistic capacity (the type of information movie that can be sent) is determined by the preassigned characters on a keyboard, and receptive linguistic capacity (the type of information that can be seen) is determined by the size and configuration of the screen. Additionally, both sender and receiver are constrained linguistically by the properties of the internet software, computer hardware, and networking hardware linking them. Electronic discourse refers to writing that is "very often reads as if it were being spoken that is, as if the sender were writing talking". 10 Types of slang Internet slang does not constitute a homogeneous language variety. Rather, it differs according to the user and type of Internet situation. 11 However, within the language of Internet slang, there is still an save element of prescriptivism, as seen in style guides, for example wired Style, 12 which are specifically aimed at usage on the Internet. Even so, few users consciously heed these prescriptive recommendations on cmc, but rather adapt their styles based on what they encounter online.
5 Internet slang provides a channel which facilitates and constrains our ability to communicate in ways that are fundamentally different from those found in other semiotic situations. Many of writing the expectations and practices which we associate with spoken and written language are no longer applicable. The Internet itself is ideal for new slang to emerge because of the richness of the medium and the availability of information. 6 Slang is also thus motivated for the creation and sustenance of online communities. 6 These communities in turn play a role in solidarity or identification 1 7 or an exclusive or common cause. 8 Crystal distinguishes among five internet situations: The web, email, asynchronous chat (for example, mailing lists synchronous chat (for example, internet Relay chat and virtual worlds. 9 The electronic character of the channel has a fundamental influence on the language of the medium. The options of communication for the user are constrained by the nature of the hardware needed in order to gain Internet access.
the more frequent abbreviations, acronyms, and emoticons, internet slang also uses archaic words or the lesser-known meanings of mainstream terms. 1 Regular words can also be altered into something with a similar pronunciation but altogether different meaning, or attributed new meanings altogether. 1 Phonetic transcriptions of foreign words, such as the transformation of "impossible" into "impossibru" in Japanese and then back to English, also occur. Citation needed In places where logographic languages are used, such as China, a visual Internet slang exists, giving characters dual meanings, one direct and one implied. 1 Motivations The primary motivation for using a slang unique to the Internet is to ease communication. However, while Internet slang shortcuts save time for the writer, they take two times as long for the reader to understand, according to a study by the University of Tasmania. 4 On the other hand, similar to the use of slang in traditional face-to-face speech or written language, slang on the Internet is often a way of indicating group membership.
Such terms often originate with the purpose of saving keystrokes or to compensate for small character limits. Many people use the same abbreviations in texting and instant messaging, and social networking websites. Acronyms, keyboard symbols and abbreviations are common types of Internet slang. New dialects of slang, such as leet evernote or, lolspeak, develop as ingroup internet memes rather than time savers. Creation and evolution, origins. Internet slang originated in the early days of the Internet with some terms predating the Internet. 2 Internet slang is used in chat rooms, social networking services, online games, video games and in the online community.
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This article is about paperless slang used on the Internet. For jargon related to the Internet, see. Glossary of Internet-related terms. For a list of terms, see. Internet slang internet shorthand, cyber-slang, netspeak, or chatspeak ) refers to a variety of slang languages used by different people on the. It is difficult to provide a standardized definition of Internet slang due to the constant changes made to its nature. 1, however, it can be understood to be a type of slang that, internet users have popularized, and in many cases, have coined.