Literature review of employee training and development

Employee training business

Current erp literature has tackled several issues related to erp adoptions in an sme context and environment. Several papers discussed erp adoption drivers in smes from different angles. Few studies20, 21 have adopted the technology-Organization - environment framework (TOE) to develop a model that can be applied to predict which smes are more likely to become adopters of Enterprise systems (ES). Although, the model developed was applied to predict the factors influencing the willingness of smes to adopt es, nevertheless it does not differentiate between factors that affect each type of system solely (e.g. In20, 21 they concluded that smes es adoptions are more influenced by internal organizational and technological factors, sooner than industry and market related factors. On the contrary, a study23 suggests that, the higher an sme collaboration within a network of organizations, the more likely to adopt an es, and more environmental influence it will get. A study conducted in India argues that business needs, competition, market survival, and customer retention are among the main drivers that force smes to adopt erp system29.

Table 4 provides assistant a list of publications that have adopted theories or established frameworks. Some papers have adopted more than one theoretical lens. The richness of theory or framework use varies among articles; however, we list the articles that explicitly mentioned their adoption and use of theories. Erp life cycle. Findings In this section, a brief overview of the articles for each phase is presented. It is not intended to provide a detailed discussion of each article, but rather an attempt to briefly present the topics and issues discussed in literature. For the articles reviewed in each phase, refer to table 3 below. Article categorization Life-cycle phase Issues Reference articles Adoption decision Adoption drivers 6, 7, 17-26 Adoption evaluation 17, 22, 24-31 Organizational characteristics 6, 7, 22, 24, 26, 31, 32 Other adoption issues 8, 14, 28, 33-35 Acquisition Factors affecting selection 18, 19, 36-41 Selection criteria. Adopted theories frameworks Theory/framework reference articles dialectic perspective 60, 81 Process theory 9, 14 Technology-Organization Environment framework 20, 21 it conversion theory 88 Punctuated Equilibrium theory 66 Social Process theory 66 Grounded Theory 14, 61, pdf 62 Innovation Diffusion theory 33, 51 Organizational Change theory. Adoption Decision During this phase, organizations identify their business and technical needs, and question the need for an erp system.

literature review of employee training and development

Training and development : needs Analysis

Number of publications, benchmarking: An International journal (BIJ) 1, business Information Systems (BIS) 1, business Process Management journal (bpmj) 3, communication of the Association for Computing Machinery (cacm). Communications of the Association for Information Systems (cais). Communication of the International Information Management Association (iima) 1, european Management journal (EMJ) 1, engineering Letters journal (iaeg) 1, industrial Management and Data systems (imds) 3, information Systems journal (ISJ) 2, information Systems Management (ISM) 1 International journal of Enterprise Information Systems (ijeis) 2 International. Number of publications per year Table. Conference outlets and publications Conference number of publications aim international Conference 1 Americas Conference on Information Systems (amcis) 5 Annual sap asia pacific 1 Australasian Conference on Information Systems (acis) 2 European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (emcis) 2 European Conference on Information Systems. Research methods As shown in hippie Figure 3, the implementation is the most discussed phase in literature, which is in alignment with several formal literature reviews on erp systems3,. Moreover, the figure illustrates the clear difference of research focus among the phases.

literature review of employee training and development

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Overview of the Articles, in total, we reviewed 77 articles. Of these, 48 are journal articles and 29 conference proceedings. The articles were published in 44 various outlets, involving 26 journals and 18 conferences. As illustrated in tables 1 and 2, journals had the biggest share of publications with jeim leading by 10 articles, and amcis by 5 conference e review shows a gradual increase in research interest in erp in smes (fig. with a maximum of 20 publications in 2008 followed by a decline to 11 articles in 2009. Figure 2 illustrates the research methods distribution among the articles. Case studies and surveys are clearly the dominant methods, while other methods are comparably less frequently used. Journal outlets essay and publications, journal.

G., 10, 13, 14,. There are two important reasons why we adopted Esteves.10 framework. First, it applies more granular approach compared to other models. It provides more detailed understanding of the erp life-cycle and thus better classification of the articles. In particular, the framework clearly distinguishes between system adoption and acquisition, as these are two diverse phases that are usually merged in other models. Furthermore, the framework separates between system evolution and retirement. Second, it has been previously applied by other researchers reviewing erp literature3,. This enables a comparability of our findings with formal literature reviews.

Review of related literature and studies

literature review of employee training and development

New Employee orientation Training : Karen Lawson

Both authors carefully read the articles abstracts to check their relevance and movie adequacy for the review. Only articles directly addressing erp in smes were selected.4. In addition, we conducted a secondary search through scanning all the selected articles reference lists, in order to identify further potential literature order to better organize the review arrangement, we adopted the erp life-cycle framework developed by Esteves.10. It consists of six phases representing different stages an erp system goes during its life-cycle within an organization. The phases are: adoption decision, acquisition, implementation, use and maintenance, evolution, and retirement.

A brief description of each phase is provided in section. In addition, the authors independently classified the articles into a concept matrix12, which included the research themes, approaches, theories, and methodologies. Results were consequently compared and discussed in order to achieve consensus on the articles classification. It is important to mention that an article could fall in one or more phases and themes. A number of research articles proposed various erp life - cycle modelse.

Moreover, no delimitation has been imposed on the outlets field, to enable potential research results from various fields. The following search procedures have been applied to provide a comprehensive and systematic methodology. An initial search was done through google Scholar. The search option was limited to articles titles. The keywords: erp, enterprise recourse Planning, smes, Small and Medium Enterprises, and their combinations were used.


Due to their high relevance for is research, another search in ebscohost and Web of Science was conducted. The search procedure was restricted to the same keywords as in the previous step. In addition to the title area, the abstract and keyword parts of the articles have been included into the search. In order to ensure that no articles were omitted by the search engines used in the previous steps, we went through tables of contents of selected outlets. These included top is journals (misq, isr, cacm, jmis, isj, and ejis) and journals related to the research field (jeim, eis, and ijeis). We searched for the keywords across all issues published during the delimitated period. The same procedure was applied to the proceedings of four top is conferences (icis, ecis, amcis, hicss).3.

Training and development in a public

Section 5 discusses our observations and recommendations for future research. Finally section 6, discusses the essay paper implications on research and practice. Literature reviews represent a well-established method for accumulating existing knowledge within a domain of interest. In this article we have applied a systematic review approach. This approach is characterized by adopting explicit procedures and conditions that minimize bias11. The review covers articles published between the years. We have narrowed down the search process through a condition, that the articles need to be published in peer reviewed journals or conference proceedings.

literature review of employee training and development

The literature argues that little attention has been given to research on erp in smes, as the majority of the erp studies are based on findings from large enterprises8,. Up to our knowledge, there are no existing literature reviews covering this particular area. The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of literature on erp in smes in order to illustrate the status of research in this area, and to assist researchers in pinning down the current research gaps. A total of 77 articles were reviewed and organized into erp life-cycle phases as described by Esteves et e rest of the paper is organized as follows. Section 2 presents the research methodology. Section 3 provides an overview of the articles reviewed. Section 4 provides our findings.

suppliers, and smes when embarking. Moreover, this research highlights the theories, frameworks, and research approaches and methods currently adopted in erp for smes literature. Keywords: erp, smes, literature review, cite this paper: moutaz haddara, ondrej Zach, "erp systems in smes: An Extended Literature review International journal of Information Science, vol. Introduction, erp systems have received a substantial attention from both academia and practice. Many research articles dealing with erp systems have been published, covering various topics and issues. Moreover, a number of erp literature reviews have been conductede. These reviews provide overviews of existing erp literature from a general point of view. Since erp literature is a broad topic, we focused our review on erp in smes that would provide a more detailed analysis and deeper understanding of this domain. Smes have been recognized as fundamentally different environments compared to large enterprises5. In relation to erp implementations, organizational size plays an important role6,.

Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries). Moutaz haddara 1, ondrej Zach 2 1Department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, 4604, norway 2sap consultant, hewlett Packard, Prague, 140 21, czech Republic. Correspondence to: moutaz haddara, department of Information Systems, University of Agder, Kristiansand, 4604, norway. Email: Copyright 2012 Scientific academic Publishing. Abstract, this review summarizes research on enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems within the domain of small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs). Due to the close-to-saturation of erp adoptions in large enterprises (LEs erp vendors now focus more essay on smes. Moreover, because of globalization, partnerships, value networks, and the huge information flow across and within smes nowadays, more and more smes are adopting erp systems. Risks of adoption rely on the fact that smes have limited resources and specific characteristics that make their case different from LEs.

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literature review of employee training and development
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Identify the development needs of your workforce. Erp systems in smes: An Extended. Moreover, a number of, erp literature reviews have been conductede.

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  1. Conclusion Appendix 1: The eight Millennium. Development, goals References Endnotes a transformation Agenda for Accelerating National. Your employee is your greatest asset.

  2. Casino, employee, training, system. While only employees on the casino floor were required to take courses, originally, many groups have expanded the system to include employees in Hospitality, food beverage, and other areas! Source: Author (summarized from the literature on the subject).

  3. Ni home products services training certification. Rf application, development : view course details, review. Then, students progress to rf application. Development to learn the application development techniques and.

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