Generally, licensed graduates of any of the three types of education programs (bachelors, associates, or diploma) qualify for entry-level positions as a staff nurse. However, employers—particularly those in hospitals—may require a bachelors degree. Registered nurses with an adn or diploma may go back to school to earn a bachelors degree through an rn-to-bsn program. There are also masters degree programs in nursing, combined bachelors and masters programs, and accelerated programs for those who wish to enter the nursing profession and already hold a bachelors degree in another field. Some employers offer tuition reimbursement. Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) must restaurant earn a masters degree in nursing and typically already have 1 or more years of work experience as an rn or in a related field. Cnss who conduct research typically need a doctoral degree. Licenses, certifications, and Registrations In all states, the district of Columbia, and. Territories, registered nurses must have a nursing license.
Education In all nursing education programs, students take courses in anatomy, physiology, microbiology, chemistry, nutrition, psychology, and other social and behavioral sciences, as well as in liberal arts. Bsn programs typically take 4 years to complete; adn and diploma programs usually take 2 to 3 years to complete. Diploma programs are typically offered by hospitals or medical centers, and there are far fewer diploma programs than there are bsn and adn programs. All programs include supervised clinical experience. Bachelors degree programs usually include additional education in the physical and social sciences, communication, leadership, and critical thinking. These programs also offer more clinical experience in nonhospital settings. A bachelors degree or higher is often necessary for administrative positions, research, consulting, and teaching.
Charge nurse duties and Responsibilities
In addition, some nurses serve in the military. Nurses who work in home health travel to patients essay homes, while public health nurses may travel to community centers, schools, and other sites. Some nurses move frequently, traveling in the United States and throughout the world to help care for patients in places where there are not enough healthcare workers. Injuries and Illnesses Registered nurses may spend a lot of time walking, bending, stretching, and standing. They are vulnerable to back injuries because they often must lift and move patients. The work of registered nurses may put them in close contact with people who have infectious diseases, and they frequently come in contact with potentially harmful and hazardous drugs and other substances.
Therefore, registered nurses must follow strict, standardized guidelines to guard against diseases and other dangers, such as radiation, accidental needle sticks, or the chemicals used to create a sterile and clean environment. Work Schedules Because patients in hospitals and nursing care facilities need round-the-clock care, nurses in these settings usually work in shifts, covering all 24 hours. They may work nights, weekends, and holidays. They may be on call, which means that they are on duty and must be available to work on short notice. Nurses who work in offices, schools, and other places that do not provide 24-hour care are more likely to work regular business hours. How to become a registered Nurse registered nurses must be able to effectively communicate with patients to understand their concerns and assess their health conditions.
Nephrology nurses care for patients who have kidney-related health issues stemming from diabetes, high blood pressure, substance abuse, or other causes. Public health nurses promote public health by educating people on warning signs and symptoms of disease or managing chronic health conditions. They may also run health screenings, immunization clinics, blood drives, or other community outreach programs. Rehabilitation nurses care for patients with temporary or permanent disabilities. Some nurses do not work directly with patients, but they must still have an active registered nurse license.
For example, they may work as nurse educators, healthcare consultants, public policy advisors, researchers, hospital administrators, salespeople for pharmaceutical and medical supply companies, or as medical writers and editors. Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) are a type of advanced practice registered nurse (aprn). They provide direct patient care in one of many nursing specialties, such as psychiatric-mental health or pediatrics. Cnss also provide indirect care, by working with other nurses and various other staff to improve the quality of care that patients receive. They often serve in leadership roles and may educate and advise other nursing staff. Cnss also may conduct research and may advocate for certain policies. Work Environment Registered nurses work in many settings, from schools to doctors' offices. Registered nurses held about.0 million jobs in 2016. The largest employers of registered nurses were as follows: Hospitals; state, local, and private 61 Ambulatory healthcare services 18 Nursing and residential care facilities 7 government 5 Educational services; state, local, and private 3 Ambulatory healthcare services includes industries such as physicians offices, home healthcare.
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For example, an oncology nurse may work mba with cancer patients or a geriatric nurse may work with elderly patients. Some registered nurses combine one or more areas of practice. For example, a pediatric oncology nurse works with children and teens who have cancer. Many possibilities for working with specific patient groups exist. The following list includes just a few examples: Addiction nurses care for patients who need help to overcome addictions to alcohol, drugs, and other substances. Cardiovascular nurses care for patients with heart disease and people who have had heart surgery. Critical care nurses work in intensive-care units in hospitals, providing care to patients with serious, complex, and acute illnesses and injuries that need very close monitoring and treatment. Genetics nurses provide screening, counseling, and treatment for patients with genetic disorders, such as cystic fibrosis. Neonatology nurses take care of newborn babies.
tests and analyze the results. Teach patients and their families how to manage illnesses or injuries. Explain what to do at home after treatment. Most registered nurses work as part of a team with physicians and other healthcare specialists. Some registered nurses oversee licensed practical nurses, nursing assistants, and home health aides. Registered nurses duties and titles often depend on where they work and the patients they work with.
State area data, explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for registered nurses. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of registered nurses with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about registered nurses by visiting additional resources, including O*net, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Registered Nurses do, registered nurses set up plans for patient care. Registered nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients writing and the public about various health conditions, and provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members. Duties, registered nurses typically do the following: Assess patients conditions, record patients medical histories and symptoms.
Registered Nurses : Occupational Outlook handbook