For the symbol, see. For the wikipedia policy about copyright issues, see. Not to be confused with, copywriting. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue beauty on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (September 2016 copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others. This is usually only for a limited time. The exclusive rights are not absolute but limited by limitations and exceptions to copyright law, including fair use.
The berkeley electronic Press. Retrieved General references edit cutts, martin (1996 The Plain English guide, oxford University Press, isbn rook, fern (1992 Slaying the English Jargon, society for Technical Communication, isbn williams, joseph. (1995 Style, toward Clarity and Grace, university Of Chicago Press, isbn wydick, richard. (2005) 1979, Plain English for Lawyers resume (paperback, 5th. carolina Academic Press, isbn further reading edit External links edit "Federal Plain Language guidelines",. Plain Language Action and Information Network (plain (rev. May 2011) "A Plain English Handbook",. Securities and Exchange commission (sec office of Investor Education and Assistance, (August 1998). This article is about the legal right.
33-7380 Plain English Disclosure, proposing release (January 14, 1997) 62 fr 3512 (January 21, 1997 Africa-America-Institute, annual Institute on Securities Regulation, sec division of Corporation Finance, issn siegel, joel. "Obama signs 'Plain Writing' law". Archived from the original on Retrieved "What is an unfair term?". The Office of fair Trading. Archived from the original on Retrieved moukad, rosemary (1979). "New York's Plain English Law". Fordham Urban Law journal.
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Archived from the original on Retrieved Martin, douglas. "david Mellinkoff, 85, Enemy of Legalese". The new York times. Archived essay from the original on Retrieved mazur, beth (may 2000). Society for Technical Communication. Archived from the original on Retrieved Oliver, myrna.
"david Mellinkoff; Attorney advocated Plain English". Archived from the original on Retrieved "Paperwork reduction Act of 1995". Archived from the original on "Plain English Campaign". Retrieved "Plain Writing Act of 2010: Plain Language in Federal Agencies". Archived from the original on Retrieved Wallace, ann. (1997 "Securities Act Release.
22 see also edit references edit citation footnotes edit Click on the hyperlink to see the full citation. Full citations edit "A history of plain language in the United States government". Plain Language Action and Information Network. Archived from the original on Ammer, Christine (1997). The American Heritage dictionary of Idioms. Archived from the original on Berent, Irwin (2010).
"Background: Plain Writing Legislative history, ". Archived from the original on Retrieved Gardham, duncan. "7/7 inquests: emergency services should use plain English". Archived from the original on Retrieved Gowers, Ernest (1954). The complete Plain Words. Archived from the original on "High court rules against Foxtons".
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12 United States edit In the us the plain language movement in government communication started in the 1970s. The paperwork reduction Act was introduced in 1976, and gpa in 1978 President Carter issued executive orders intended to make government regulations "cost-effective and easy-to-understand by those who were required to comply with them." Many agencies now have long-standing policies mandating plain language and in 2010. In legal writing, david Mellinkoff, a professor at the ucla school of Law, is widely credited with singlehandedly launching the plain English movement in American law with the 1963 publication of The language of the law. In 1977, new York became the first state to pass legislation requiring plain English in consumer contracts and leases. In 1979, richard Wydick published Plain English for Lawyers. Plain English writing style is now a legal duty for companies registering securities under the securities Act of 1933, due to rules the securities and Exchange commission (SEC) adopted in 1998. In 2011, plain (Plain Language Action and Information Network) published Federal Plain Language guidelines.
with their documents, reports and publications. They believe that everyone should have access to clear and concise information." An inquiry into the 2005 London bombings recommended that emergency services should always use plain English. It found that verbosity can lead to misunderstandings that could cost lives. Ireland edit The main organisation promoting the use of plain English in Ireland is the national Adult Literacy Agency (nala). 8 9 There is a growing awareness of and interest in using plain English, particularly in the public sector. The public Sector Reform Plan 10 and the central Banks Consumer Protection Code 11 advocate for the use of plain English in the public and financial sectors respectively. The Universal Design guidelines published by the national Standards Authority of Ireland includes plain English guidelines for energy suppliers.
Hm treasury to provide a guide to officials on avoiding pompous and over-elaborate writing. He wrote, "writing is an instrument for conveying ideas from one mind to another; the writer's job is to make his reader apprehend his meaning readily and precisely.". Gowers' guide was published as a slim paperback. Plain Words, a guide to the use of English in 1948, followed by a sequel. The homework abc of Plain Words in 19, a hardback book combining the best of both, The complete Plain Words which has never been out of print since. Gowers argued that legal English was a special case, saying that legal drafting:.is a science, not an art; it lies in the province of mathematics rather than of literature, and its practice needs long apprenticeship. It is prudently left to a specialised legal branch of the service. The only concern of the ordinary official is to learn to understand it, to act as interpreter of it to ordinary people, and to be careful not to let his own style of writing be tainted. However, there is a trend toward plainer language in legal documents, and in fact the 1999 ".
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Plain English (or layman's terms ) is language that is easy to understand, emphasizes clarity and brevity, and avoids overly complex vocabulary. Additionally, it is free of clichés and needless technical jargon and should be appropriate to the audience's developmental or educational level and their familiarity with the topic. The term is commonly used when discussing government or business communication. Contents, etymology edit, this section needs expansion. You can help plan by adding. (March 2013 the term derives from the 16th-century idiom, "in plain English meaning "in clear, straightforward language". History edit, united Kingdom edit, in 1946, writer george Orwell wrote an impassioned essay, ". Politics and the English Language criticising what he saw as the dangers of "ugly and inaccurate" contemporary written English particularly in politics where pacification can be used to mean ".defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle. Two years later, sir Ernest Gowers, a distinguished civil servant, was asked.