According to genesis Analytics, 70 of south Africans are "banked meaning that they have at least one bank account with an established financial institution which have their own banking products which directly compete with the m-pesa offering. 39 India edit m-pesa, was launched in India 40 41 as a close partnership with icici bank in november 2011. 42 development for the bank began as early as 2008. The service continues to operate in a limited geographical area in India. Vodafone India had partnered with both icici and icici bank, 43 icici launched m-pesa on 44 Vodafone plans to rollout this service throughout India. 45 The user needs to register for this service, registration is free and there are charges levied per m-pesa transaction for money transfer services and dth and Prepaid recharges can be done through wallpaper m-pesa for free. 46 47 Eastern Europe edit In March 2014, m-pesa expanded into romania, while mentioning that it may continue to expand elsewhere into eastern Europe, as a number of individuals there possess mobile phones but do not possess traditional bank accounts. It is unlikely, as of may 2014, however, that the service will expand into western Europe anytime soon., m-pesa was also launched in Albania. It was shut down on July 14, 2017.
33 m-pesa has been slow to gain a toehold in the south African market compared to vodacom's projections that it would sign up 10 million users in the following three years. By may 2011, it had registered approximately 100,000 customers. 34 The gap between expectations for m-pesa's performance and its actual performance can be partly attributed to differences between the kenyan and south African markets, including the banking regulations at the time of m-pesa's launch in each country. 35 According to moneyweb, 36 a south African investment website, hazlitt "A tough regulatory environment with regards to customer registration and the acquisition of outlets also compounded the company's troubles, as the local regulations are more stringent in comparison to our African counterparts. Lack of education and product understanding also hindered efforts in the initial roll out of the product." In June 2011, vodacom and Nedbank launched a campaign to re-position m-pesa, targeting the product to potential customers who have a higher living Standard measures (LSM) 37 than. 38 Despite efforts, as at March 2015, m-pesa still struggled to grow its customer base. South Africa lags behind Tanzania and Kenya with only.1 million subscribers. This comes as no surprise as south Africa is well known for being ahead of financial institutions globally in terms of maturity and technological innovation.
29 Afghanistan edit In 2008 Vodafone partnered with Roshan, afghanistan's primary mobile operator, to provide m-pesa, the local brand of the service. 30 31 When the service was launched it was initially used to pay policemen's salaries set to be competitive with what the taliban were earning. Soon after the product was launched, the Afghan National Police found that under the previous cash model, 10 of their workforce were ghost police officers who did not exist; their salaries had been pocketed by others. When corrected in the new system, many police officers believed that they had received a raise or that there had been a mistake, as their salaries rose significantly. The national Police discovered that there was so much corruption when payments had been made using the previous model that the policemen did not know their true salary. The service has been so successful that it has been expanded to include limited merchant payments, peer-to-peer transfers, loan disbursements and payments. 32 south Africa edit In September 2010 Vodacom and Nedbank announced the launch of the service in south Africa, where there were estimated to be more than 13 million "economically active" people without a bank account.
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In December 2008, a group of banks reportedly lobbied the kenyan finance minister to audit m-pesa, in an effort to at maplin least slow the growth of the service. This ploy failed, as the audit found that the service was robust. 23 At this time The banking Act did not provide basis to regulate products offered by non-banks, of which m-pesa was one such very successful product. As at november 2014, m-pesa transactions for the 11 months of 2014 were valued at kes. 2.1 trillion, a 28 increase from 2013, and almost half the value of the country's gdp.
Citation needed On 19 november 2014, safaricom launched a companion android app Safaricom m-ledger 24 for its m-pesa users. The application, currently available only on Android, gives m-pesa users a historical view of all their transactions. Many other companies business models rely on the m-pesa system essays in Kenya, such as m-kopa and Sportpesa. 25 26 On 23 February 2018, it was reported that the google Play store started taking payments for apps via kenya´s m-pesa service. 27 Tanzania edit m-pesa was launched in Tanzania by vodacom in 2008 but its initial ability to attract customers fell short of expectations. In 2010, the International Finance corporation released a report which explored many of these issues in greater depth and analyzed the strategic changes that Vodacom has implemented to improve their market position. 28 As of may 2013, m-pesa in Tanzania has five million subscribers.
The fee for a transfer to a registered user is 110 Kshs. The maximum amount that can be transferred to a non-registered user of the system is 35,000 Kshs, with a fee of 275 Kshs. Cash withdrawal fees are also charged. With a charge of 10 Kshs, for a withdrawal of 50-100 Kshs, up to 330 Kshs for a withdrawal of 50,001-70,000 Kshs. 18 published article Anja bengelstorff cites the central bank of Kenya when she states that 1 billion chf is moved in fiscal year 2014, with a profit of 268 million chf, that is close to 27 of the moved money.
20 In 2016 m-pesa moved 15bn kes per day equivalent to 52 billion chf in Kenya, with a revenue of 41bn kes. In bn kes were moved according to a figure in Safaricoms own annual report, with a revenue of 55bn. This would put Safaricom's profit ratio at around 1 of total money transferred - nothing like 27 but still a high figure. 21 22 Markets edit kenya edit An m-pesa payment register at a kenyan coffee shop m-pesa was first launched by the kenyan mobile network operator Safaricom, where vodafone is technically a minority shareholder (40 in March 2007. 12 m-pesa quickly captured a significant market share for cash transfers, and grew to 17 million subscribers by december 2011 in Kenya alone. 1 The growth of the service forced formal banking institutions to take note of the new venture.
Kenya budget 2018/2019 summary and full pdf statement
While safaricom uses sim toolkit (STK) to provide handset dissertation gpa menus for accessing the service, vodacom relies mostly on ussd to provide users with menus, but also supports stk. 17 Cost, transaction charges, statistics edit Transaction charges depend on the amount of money being transferred and whether the payee is a registered user of the service. The actual cost is a fixed amount for a given range of transaction sizes; for example safaricom charges up to 66 Kshs. For a transaction to an unregistered user for transactions between 101-500 Kshs. (US15) and 27 Kshs. For a transfer to a registered user for the same amount. At the highest transfer bracket of 50,001-70,000 Kshs.
12 This would enable microfinance overpopulation institutions (MFIs) to offer more competitive loan rates to their users, as costs are lower than when dealing in cash. The users of the service would gain through being able to track their finances more easily. When the service was piloted, customers adopted the service for a variety of alternative uses and complications arose with faulu, the partnering mfi. In discussion with other parties, m-pesa was re-focused and launched with a different value proposition: sending remittances home across the country and making payments. 12 Services edit m-pesa is operated by safaricom and Vodacom, mobile network operators (MNO) not classed as deposit-taking institutions, such as a bank. M-pesa customers can deposit and withdraw money from a network of agents that includes airtime resellers and retail outlets acting as banking agents. The service enables its users to: deposit and withdraw money transfer money to other users pay bills purchase airtime 13 14 transfer money between the service and, in some markets like kenya, a bank account 15 Partnerships with Kenyan banks offer expanded banking services like. 16 The user interface technology of m-pesa differs between Safaricom of Kenya and Vodacom of Tanzania, although the underlying platform is the same.
discussed how a system of money transfer could be created in Kenya. Dfid amended the terms of reference for its grant to vodafone, and piloting began in 2005. A student from moi university in Kenya came up with a mobile software that could allow people to send, receive, and withdraw money from their mobile devices. Safaricom however convinced the student and bought the rights of ownership of this project hence becoming the sole owners of the patent rights. In April 2007, following a student software development project from Kenya, 10 Safaricom launched a new mobile phone-based payment and money transfer service, known as m-pesa. 4 The initial work of developing the product was given to a product and technology development company 11 known as Sagentia. Development and second line support responsibilities were transferred to ibm in September 2009, where most of the original Sagentia team transferred. Following a 3-year migration project to a new technology stack, as of 26 February 2017, ibm's responsibilities have been transferred to huawei in all markets. Concept edit The initial concept of m-pesa was to create a service which would allow microfinance borrowers to conveniently receive and repay loans using the network of Safaricom airtime resellers.
3, m-Pesa is a branchless banking service; m-pesa customers can deposit and withdraw money from a network of agents that includes airtime resellers and retail outlets acting as banking agents. M-pesa has spread quickly, and by 2010 had become the most successful mobile-phone-based financial service in the developing world. 4, by 2012, a stock of about 17 million m-pesa accounts had been mattress registered. By june 2016, a total of 7 million m-pesa accounts have been opened in Tanzania by vodacom. The service has been lauded for giving millions of people access to the formal financial system and for reducing crime in otherwise largely cash-based societies. 5 Contents History edit a kiosk displays M-pesa advertising in Kenya in 2012. In 2002, researchers at Gamos and the commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation, funded by department for International development uk (dfid documented that in Uganda, botswana and Ghana, people were spontaneously using airtime as a proxy for money transfer. 6 Kenyans were transferring airtime to their relatives or friends who were then using it or reselling. Gamos researchers approached mcel 7 in mozambique, and in 2004 mcel introduced the first authorised airtime credit swapping a precursor step towards m-pesa.
Kenya budget 2017/2018: cs henry rotich National Treasury
M-pesa m for mobile, pesa is, swahili for money) is a mobile phone-based money transfer, financing and microfinancing service, launched in 2007 by, vodafone for. Safaricom and, vodacom, the largest mobile network operators. 1, it has since expanded to, afghanistan, south Africa, india and in 2014. Romania and in 2015 to, albania. M-pesa allows users to deposit, withdraw, transfer money and pay for goods and services (Lipa na m-pesa) easily with a mobile device. 2, the service allows users to deposit money into an account stored on their cell phones, to send balances using. Pin -secured, sMS internet text messages to other users, including sellers of goods and services, and to redeem deposits for regular money. Users are charged a small fee for sending and withdrawing money using the service.